My current social psychology research is on coping and support processes that are available to stressed persons who have intimate relationships. We are trying to understand why well intended support efforts by intimate partners sometimes have short term negative consequences. We carry out daily diary studies of stress, coping, support, and moods with data provided by both members of the couple. We also do lab experiments and survey experiments to get clearer causal information about the processes. These rich data open the possibility of examining additional questions about daily relationship processes, including daily conflicts and the relation of relationship-specific affect to undifferentiated affect.
In addition to my relationship work, I do some work on mental health epidemiology, particularly the challenges of obtaining measurement equivalence across ethnic categories. I have long standing collaborations with experts on Latino mental health.
The diary data we use are rich, but they require multivariate methods to test patterns with valid measures of sampling error. In my lab we focus on statistical and methodological issues of model specification, assessing reliability of measures of change, and the implications of violations of statistical assumptions on inferences, especially causally informative inferences that follow from mediation and moderation analyses. We also study response biases, such as the tendency of some persons to report higher levels of negative affect during initial surveys than in followup surveys.
- Shrout, P. E., Keyes, K., & Ornstein, K. (Eds.). (2011). Causality and psychopathology: Finding the determinants of disorders and their cures. New York: Oxford University Press.
- Dohrenwend, B. P., Levav, I., Shrout, P. E., Schwartz, S., Naveh, G., Link, B. G., Skodal, A. E., & Stueve, A. (1992). Socioeconomic status and psychiatric disorders: A test of the social causation-social selection issue. Science, 255, 946-952.
- Gleason, M. E. J., Iida, M., Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2008). Receiving support as a mixed blessing: Evidence for dual effects of support on psychological outcomes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 94, 824-838.
- Ledgerwood, A., & Shrout, P. E. (2011). The trade-off between accuracy and precision in latent variable models of mediation processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(6), 1174-1188.
- Seidman, G., Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2006). Why is enacted social support associated with increased distress? Using simulation to test two possible sources of spuriousness. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32(1), 52-65.
- Shrout, P. E., Alegria, M., Canino, G., Guarnaccia, P., Vega, W. A., Duan, N., & Cao, Z. (2008). Testing language effects in psychiatric epidemiology surveys with randomized experiments: Results from NLAAS. American Journal of Epidemiology, 168(3), 345-352.
- Shrout, P. E., & Bolger, N. (2002). Mediation in experimental and nonexperimental studies: New procedures and recommendations. Psychological Methods, 7(4), 422-445.
- Shrout, P. E., & Fleiss, J. L. (1979). Intraclass correlations: Uses in assessing rater reliability. Psychological Bulletin, 86, 420-428.
- Shrout, P. E., Herman, C., & Bolger, N. (2006). The costs and benefits of practical and emotional support on adjustment: A daily diary study of couples experiencing acute stress. Personal Relationships, 13(1), 115-134.
- Shrout, P. E., Bolger, N., Iida, M., Burke, C., Gleason, M. E. J., & Lane, S. P. (2010). The effects of daily support transactions during acute stress: Results from a diary study of bar exam preparation. In K. T. Sullivan and J. Davila (Eds.), Support Processes in Intimate Relationships (pp. 175-199). New York: Oxford University Press.
- Shrout, P. E., & Lane, S. P. (2012). Psychometrics. In M. R. Mehl & T. S. Conner (Eds.), Handbook of Research Methods for Studying Daily Life (pp. 302-320). New York: Guilford.
- Intermediate Statistics
- Methods for the Analysis of Change
- Psychometric Theory
- Regression Models
- Special Topics: Social Support
Department of Psychology
New York University
6 Washington Place
New York, New York 10003
- Phone: (212) 998-7895
- Fax: (212) 995-4866
- Skype Name: peshrout